UNESCO Chiang Mai World Heritage
The cultural roots and ‘identity’ of the historical city.
In a city Grow and support the lifestyles of various groups of people through the hot and cold times until learning Developing and creating prosperity for hundreds of years is not an easy matter, as many cities in the past are examples of not being able to survive for a long time. Collapse The town was weak and abandoned and forgotten, becoming a glorious past. Therefore, colonization Build a town house and look after your own way of life To pass generation to generation Until it was an era Give that colonization Grow to support the species Create prosperity and continuation for a long time. Until accumulating a special belief Expertise Professional skills To survive in that life Therefore form the ‘identity’ of the ethnicity And incubate into A genius ‘genius of habitat’ (Genius Loci) With a unique identity that is accepted in the region And is the center of the prosperity of their neighborhoods and regions … These things did not happen overnight. Or can occur only from formation But when a city grows and develops Based on many factors from inside and outside the city, timing, wisdom, merit of all the gods, gods, gods, rulers and citizens all in that city. Which together are part of collecting, developing and creating culture for ‘Urbanity’ has demonstrated its distinctiveness (Unique), becoming the root of culture and traditions that are uniquely unique to ‘Identity’ of characteristics and forming a holistic of ‘self’ characteristics. Urban life and its people (Urban Characteristics)
From historical cities to world cultural and historical heritage
In the past, there were many Historic Cities that have been destroyed and traces of that religion. Became something that was forgotten in history No one remembers and talks about If no inscription is maintained on the front of the book or as information, keep it for reading and studying then. It may be something that the world has never known as ‘had’, which one thing that the advancement of archeology and in the history of education has pushed for over thirty-five years. already Is the occurrence of data in the collection Give the value of civilization History and art That occurred through time around the world Yes, can be registered And protected
There should be a survey and mapping of natural resources with value Culture and including the values of humanity
Comments should be given at the public hearing to vote on preservation and planning of conservation policies. Of the historical city
should evaluate the impact on the social and economic system of the city Including changes in the natural environment and the world ecosystem
Conservation plans should be integrated as part of a city development plan that emphasizes the importance of ‘past’ that is maintained and maintained at the urban planning level. Or various development projects in the city
should always give priority to ecological development
should create a network framework to work with all sectors at both the public and private levels To arrange conservation work and various action plans Including establishing working mechanisms and activities at all levels to be in harmony with each other
Historic Urban Landscape
Both the historical and natural civilizations of the world that many people are actually familiar with may be broadly called the ‘Cultural Landscape’ or ‘Historic Urban Landscape’ in which the concept and The guidelines for determining that historic city There are many ways. But considering the direction of the historical city landscape Received support and advice from “UNESCO” because It can push not only the conservation guidelines for the ancient sites but also the ways that can lead to the integration of the plan level and the management of the conservation city. Which is important in the planning of the future for the development of cities with organs of culture and buildings That is a cultural and natural heritage as well. Different from traditional preservation That only looking to preserve the roots of the ‘past’ but not focus on the ‘future’ chart of these historic cities, the ‘UNESCO’ has laid out the following guidelines:
What and how to conserve?
To maintain and maintain the historical city Especially the historic city that is still alive and has the dynamics of living in the city like Chiang Mai. Must carefully consider and research the values of the ‘identity’, ‘root’ and ‘spirit’ of Chiang Mai Especially in the seventh and twentieth year of the present In which these three words are considered to have profound and complex dimensions. Towards conservation planning and conducting a lot of research In order to obtain clear information and can lead to the integration of knowledge and information in the conservation and development of historical cities such as Chiang Mai By preserving the historical city With principles to adhere to in a broad framework There are many levels, including
Protection is one way that can be controlled to prevent destruction. Encroach or inhibit the loss of historical values, such as the design of various defenses To take care of the ancient place from decaying, etc.- Preservation is no different from that we have a method of preserving food for a long time. Therefore, the preservation of historic buildings or natural sites is important. Therefore must create methods Various rules In preserving cultural values so that they can be preserved forever, such as forest reserves or wildlife sanctuaries- Conservation is a broad term that draws on the goal of preserving the value of the ‘past’ or various cultural significance.
That remains Does not fade with time The conservation can be divided into processes. Appropriate procedures and methods vary. According to the interpretation and emphasis on some points, some issues in conservation Depends on the condition The situation and the context, condition of that place Different With different levels of care, ranging from repairs or renovations to renovations (Restoration) old buildings or decaying old buildings of religious importance, reconstruction of old ones (Reconstitution) in which the original building was either collapsed or demolished to a new location, to be rebuilt. (Reconstruction) of the building or the old landscape area that can be built in the form of imitation of the old. (Replication) or building a new building in new materials or techniques Which is different from the old (Renewal), renovating old buildings or old neighborhoods to create new uses (Renovation), resurrecting a building or neighborhood that had flourished in the past to come back to life as before (Revitalization) or modification of old buildings or neighborhoods to return to work as before (Rehabilitation)These … are strategies for preserving, maintaining historic buildings and important historical sites.
As well as other physical, non-tangible values that reflect the ‘identity’, ‘root’, and ‘spirit’ of the city, history, and Lanna culture landscape. At the center of the kingdom like Chiang Mai in the past Still need planning guidelines Research study Collecting value data that is central to the identity that has accumulated from generation to generation Allowing future generations to understand and be aware of the root of identity. In the city that is living, eating, and living proudly … these values are important values, not just in our area But it is a value that should be respected at the global level to remain the representative of Lanna Chiang Mai forever.