Progress on World Heritage Property Zone Designation to Prepare for World Heritage Site Listing
Property Zone, Buffer Zone and Significant Heritage Sites in documents presented for nomination of Chiang Mai as a World Heritage
Discussions with experts concerning property zone, buffer zone and heritage sites containing significant historical attributes and the analysis of historical data, architecture and art of Lanna have been reviewed by the Working Group for Chiang Mai World Heritage Initiative Project (CHWHIP) and included in Chiang Mai’s Nomination Dossier and summarized as follows:
The Property Zone
The Property Zone includes the areas of inner Chiang Mai City, Outer Chiang Mai City, Viang Suan Dok, Doi Suthep-Doi Pui National Parks – Viang Jed Lin and Suthep Road connecting the township with Doi Suthep – all totaling 18.03 square kilometers.
The Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning reviewed and drew a proximity of heritage sites according to the city plan of 2010. However in 2013, more areas have been added including those reserved for art and cultural identities conservation, walking routes to Doi Suthep used in the past and in present days, the river basin and the Doi Suthep-Pui National Park.
The Buffer Zone
The Buffer Zone covers Doi Suthep-Pui National Park and areas adjacent to the old city with a total of 183.12 square kilometers. The area was evaluated and drawn from designated borderlines of Doi Suthep-Pui National Park, Chiang Mai Municipality Vicinity and Comprehensive City Plan of 2013 (Super Highway – Ring Road Phase 1)
Significant Heritage Sites Having Outstanding Universal Value (OUV)) and Historical Attributes of Chiang Mai
There is a total of 60 sites which are divided into 4 groups which are; 1) Heritage Sites with significant historical, art and architectural values, 2) Religious and Archeological Sites featuring Lanna Identities, 3) Sites displaying city planning values, and 4) Sites in the Buffer Zone which present connection with the history of Chiang Mai.
Outstanding Universal Value (OUV)) found in Chiang Mai is classified into 3 different values which are;
City Planning Value: Reflecting exchange of values among humanity at a certain period of time with proofs of city planning by the ethnic Tai considered the most modern at the time.
Cultural Value: Authentic and unique cultures preserved in rituals to bless the city with safety (namely Inthakeel, Doi Suthep Procession and City Fate Strengthening) which have been continued until present.
Art and Architectural Value: Structures and buildings which represent cultural development seen in architecture and fine arts created during the golden era of Lanna Kingdom.